sports injury management

Sports Injury Management

We all love sports, and we all love to indulge in it, to cherish old memories and the good old days, or just to witness a group of children playing a game.

Playing or even witnessing a game makes us happy from within, as each and every game we play has a connection to our hobbies in our childhood.

Sport activities have a multi-dimensional impact on everyone. They keep us fit, healthy and also stress free.  I have never witnessed a person being  sad while playing his favorite game.

But here’s something which is always accompanied by any sport activity- Injury.

I Still remember, back in my childhood when i used to fall while playing cricket and I used to cry and my dad said, “Girega nahi to seekhega kaise?” (“How will you learn if you don’t fall?”)

Also, apart from sports, in our normal day-to-day life, injuries are inevitable. We sometimes see our finger bleed for no reason and wonder “Ye kya hua? Kaise hua? Kab  hua?” (“What just happened? How did it happen? When did it happen?”)

Human body is one of the most beautifully carved and wonderfully engineered machine. Small cuts, abrasions and scratches require no management at all.  Bleeding stops and the wound heals on its own.

But sometimes, bleeding and injury is such that, it requires quick management to avoid further damage.

Remember, injury, following any cause- be it direct or indirect injury, accompanied with bleeding which is more than normal, requires urgent treatment.

It is always recommended to visit a doctor or a trained medical professional if you have suffered an injury.

Sports Injury Management: Tips and Tricks To Heal Sport Injuries

When you suffer, or witness someone else suffer an injury following a trauma, do not panic.

Be patient enough so to manage the person.

PRICE Protocol is the one which is usually followed for acute (recent) injuries:

P : Protection

R: Rest

I: Icing

C: Compression

E: Elevation

Protection: Following any injury, the affected part must be protected from other injuries.

Eg: If the affected part is the leg, it should be supported well so that walking and weight bearing does not accelerate the extent of damage.

Rest: AVOID ANY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EXCURSION. Your body is injured and it needs some time to get back on track. Take rest, avoid strenuous activities for a while, skip your schedule, sip on an iced tea, and relax.

Icing: This is regarded as a GOLD STANDARD method for treating acute injuries. COLD Packs, in the form of ICE or COLD water is kept on the affected part. Icing has many wonderful effects.

  1. It  Reduces Bleeding
  2. It reduces pain
  3. Cold packs also restrict blood flow to the affected part for a period of time

For effective sports injury management, icing over the affected part should be done for approx 10-15 mins, 5/6 times a day.AVOID ICING OVER THE NECK.

Compression: If the affected part is in any of the four limbs, it should be compressed and immobilized. Compression can be given by using crepe bandages, such as over the ankle during ankle sprain.

A Walking aid such as a crutch, or a mere stick can be used for lower limb injuries to prevent weight bearing, or a Cuff/Collar sling can be used for upper limb.

The affected part should always be immobilized so that any movement does not interfere with the healing, or further increase the damage.

Elevation: In sports injury management, the affected part should be elevated and raised over heart level. This is mostly done in cases of lower limb injuries, to aid blood flow from the legs to the heart.

(As venous blood flow depends on muscle contractions, and the muscle cannot contract due to injury, the  leg should be elevated to leave the work on gravity).

For reducing pain, various pain killers are available which are safe and affordable, such as NSAIDS (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Aspirin etc).

However, make sure that you do not take even a single drug without a prescription from your doctor.

Want to know more ways ? Then do read the first part of the article right here.

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